Key Science and Engineering Indicators: 2010 Digest
From the introduction:
The National Science Board has selected 31 S&E indicators for inclusion in this digest. These indicators have been grouped into six topical areas. Although each stands alone, collectively these six themes are a snapshot of U.S. R&D capacity and outputs in a global context. Exploration of areas that indicate capacity for innovation is a thread common to many of the themes presented here. As economies worldwide grow increasingly knowledge-intensive and interdependent, capacity for innovation becomes ever more critical.
Three themes provide a worldwide view, picturing R&D spending, research outputs, and science and technology capacities. Three others share a domestic focus, providing indicators of U.S. R&D: funding and performance, federal R&D support, and the U.S. S&E workforce. These topical indicators may vary in successive volumes of the Science and Engineering Indicators series as contemporary S&E policy issues emerge.
Download pdf: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/digest10/nsb1002.pdf
And a summary from: http://www.the-scientist.com/blog/display/56275/ (reg required)
● In the US, industry accounts for nearly 80% of R&D funding, whereas the government funds only about 20%.
● However, at 60%, the federal government still provides the highest percentage of funding for basic research, with universities and colleges providing about 20%, and industry trailing at 5.5%. That industry figure represents a decline of about 1.5% from 1990.
● Of all the fields funded by federal money, life science gets the biggest slice of the pie with $29.7 billion according to 2008 numbers. The second highest field, engineering, gets a mere $9.35 billion.
● As a point of comparison, defense research gets $81.05 billion.
● In terms of output, the US still leads the world in number of science and engineering publications per year, with nearly 209,000 in 2007. Still as a combined entity, the 27 countries in the EU produced the most with 245,000 publications.
● The US also still holds the world record for patents issued in 2007 at 82,000; the majority of those came from the biological sciences (50%). The second highest patent recipient is Japan with 34,600.